Many of these actions have synergies. This means that they overlap and work together in both preventing further climate change and helping us adapt.
Actions that reduce the rate of climate change. This includes actions that limit or prevent greenhouse gas emissions and activities that remove these gases from the atmosphere (IPCC 2022b).
Adjustment to the actual or expected effects of climate change. Adaptation plays a key role in reducing exposure and vulnerability to climate change, and can be proactive, reactive, incremental or transformational (IPCC 2022a).